Predatory Potential of Coccinella septempunctata L. against Four Aphid Species
Muhammad Arshad1*, Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan2*, Faisal Hafeez3, Ravaid Sherazi1 and Naeem Iqbal4
Consumption of different aphid species i.e. spinach, coriander, cabbage and pea by different instars of C. septempunctata.
Manly’s preference index (aP) of different instars of C. septempunctata on different aphid species (abbreviated as: spi, spinach; cor, coriander; cab, cabbage). The bars with asterisks are significantly different from the predicted index at 0.5 by t-test whereas ‘ns’ values are non-significant or similar.