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Comparative Analysis of Nutritional Composition and Effect of Dietary Fiber Extracts of Chickpea and Bengal Gram on Blood Glucose and Cholesterol Levels of Male Induced Diabetic and Hypercholesterolemic Rats

Comparative Analysis of Nutritional Composition and Effect of Dietary Fiber Extracts of Chickpea and Bengal Gram on Blood Glucose and Cholesterol Levels of Male Induced Diabetic and Hypercholesterolemic Rats

Asmaa Hamid1,* and Samia Kalsoom2

1Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Food and Nutrition, College of Home Economics, Gulberg, Lahore, Pakistan
2College of Home Economics, Gulberg, Lahore, Pakistan

* Corresponding author: asmaabilal2001@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Albino Sprague-Dawley rats (n=42) were randomly divided into seven groups, each of six rats. One group comprised of normal rats fed on basic purified diet AIN-76-A, three groups were alloxan induced diabetic rats which were fed basic purified diet AIN-76-A, Kabuli chickpea HFD and Bengal gram HFD and were monitored for random blood glucose and weight for a period of six weeks. Another three groups of rats with induced hypercholesterolemia were fed the same diet as the diabetic rats and were monitored for total serum cholesterol. It was found that both Bengal gram and chickpea had a significant effect on lowering glucose level and total cholesterol of these experimental animals. Bengal gram however, proved to have a significantly (p<0.05) greater effect on lowering of these parameters.

 

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